When and How to Use "Thus" Correctly Without Common Mistakes

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The word "thus" is a conjunctive adverb that can be used in various ways to convey different meanings in a sentence. Understanding its usage and placement is essential for effective communication. 

In this article, we will explore the different ways to use this word in a sentence, providing examples and highlighting common mistakes to avoid. So let's dive in and discover the correct usage of it.

What Does "Thus" Mean?

"Thus" is commonly used as an adverb to indicate a result, conclusion, or summary of information. It is often used to show the relationship between cause and effect or to present a logical consequence. The word "thus" helps to establish a clear connection between ideas, providing coherence and clarity in your writing.

When & How to Use Thus?

Use #1: Introducing a Result

One way to use this word is to introduce a result or outcome. In this case, "thus" is placed at the beginning of the sentence and is followed by a comma. 


  • The team worked tirelessly to meet the project deadline, thus achieving success.
  • She followed a strict diet and exercised regularly, thus losing weight.
  • The new software update resolved several bugs, thus improving the system's performance.
  • He saved diligently for years, thus affording his dream vacation.

Use #2: Drawing a Conclusion

This word can also be used to draw a conclusion based on the preceding information. Similar to the previous use, it is placed at the beginning of the sentence, followed by a comma. 


  • The evidence presented throughout the trial was compelling; thus, the jury reached a guilty verdict.
  • The company implemented cost-cutting measures and increased efficiency; thus, they were able to maximize profits.
  • The research findings supported the hypothesis; thus, confirming the scientist's theory.
  • She studied diligently, attended tutoring sessions, and practiced regularly; thus, achieving high scores on the exam.

Use #3: Presenting a Summary

"Thus" can also be used to present a summary that states the main points of the sentence. Again, it is placed at the beginning of the sentence, followed by a comma. 


  • He invested in stocks, bonds, and real estate; thus, diversifying his investment portfolio.
  • The speaker emphasized the importance of education, hard work, and perseverance; thus, inspiring the audience.
  • The research paper discussed various methodologies, analyzed the data, and drew conclusions; thus, contributing to the field of study.
  • The project involved planning, coordination, and teamwork; thus, ensuring its successful completion.

Use #4: After "And"

Another way to use this word is by placing it after the conjunction "and." This usage adds emphasis to the result or conclusion. 


  • The team worked collaboratively, and thus, they accomplished their goals.
  • He studied diligently, and thus, he was well-prepared for the exam.
  • She saved consistently, and thus, she was able to buy her dream car.
  • They trained rigorously, and thus, they won the championship.

Use #5: Two Independent Clauses

It can be used in a sentence with two independent clauses to demonstrate a cause and effect relationship. 


  • She practiced every day, thus improving her piano skills.
  • He followed a strict exercise routine, thus achieving his fitness goals.
  • The team analyzed the data, thus identifying the key trends.
  • The company implemented new marketing strategies, thus increasing its customer base.

Use #6: Introducing a Gerund or Gerund Phrase

"Thus" can be used to introduce a gerund or gerund phrase, adding clarity to the sentence. 


  • She spent hours studying, thus gaining a deep understanding of the subject.
  • The children worked together on the project, thus developing their teamwork skills.
  • He honed his craft through practice, thus perfecting his technique.
  • The team focused on collaboration, thus fostering a positive work environment.

Use #7: Between a Helping Verb and Main Verb

In certain cases, this word can be placed between a helping verb and the main verb to provide additional information or emphasize a particular point.


  • The mystery of Atlantis still fascinates historians. It is, thus, part of modern folklore and exploration.
  • She has been working tirelessly, thus achieving great success.
  • He will complete the project on time, thus meeting the deadline.
  • The company has expanded its operations globally, thus reaching a wider audience.

Common Mistakes While Using "Thus"

When using "thus" in a sentence, it's important to be aware of common mistakes and ensure proper usage. Here are some points to consider:

  • Punctuation: Always remember to place a comma after "thus" when it is used at the beginning of a sentence.
  • Subject-Verb Agreement: Make sure the verb agrees with the subject in terms of singular or plural form.
  • Contextual Appropriateness: Ensure that the usage of "thus" aligns with the intended meaning and the context of the sentence.

By following these guidelines and paying attention to these common mistakes, you can effectively use "thus" in your writing to convey meaning and enhance the clarity of your sentences.


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