Definition of Modal Auxiliaries:
Modal auxiliaries are used where some deduction is needed for a situation. Here deduction means drawing a conclusion about a situation based on the available information.
Examples of Modal Auxiliaries:
- Merry is looking so sleepy; she must have studied the whole night.
- Aric is absent at the meeting. He must not have arrived the city yet.
- Lisa couldn’t have broken the paperweight. She was absent in the office yesterday.
- I can’t find Allen’s assignment here. He must not have done it. (Assuming he did not do it)
- Andrew was hospitalized for a week, so he couldn’t have done the assignment. (Knowing it’s impossible for him to do)
- Jack is looking so exhausted. He must have worked the whole day at the office.
- Rick is absent in the program. He must not have arrived here yet.
- Paul is definitely going to love this movie. All the action sequences are so excellent, exactly the type he likes.
- The boys will definitely be thrilled when they will come to know that they are going on an excursion to the hills.
- You will definitely be excited when you will come to know that your favorite singer is coming to the concert.
- Your math test is at 10:00 am. You should get ready now.
- Can you please help him to do the work? It should take five minutes only.
- Bob has an exam He shouldn’t go out now.
- Alana is starting from home so early. She shouldn’t be late.
- George has a concert on next Tuesday. He should start rehearsing now.
- Jeff has an important exam this week. He should not leave the city now.
- Jen’s flight is at 3 pm. She should start from home now.
- You have to submit the project report tomorrow morning. You should complete it now.
- Can you show him the way to the Chairman’s room? It should take a few seconds only.
- Samantha has prepared herself so well for the exam. She shouldn’t get poor marks.
The types of modal auxiliaries based on the usage include:
- Modal Auxiliaries for Surety
- Modal Auxiliaries for Expectation
- Modal Auxiliaries for Probability.