Subjunctive: Structures, Usage & Examples
The Subjunctive in English is the mood of a verb that always comes in the simple/base form. The subjunctive mood of verbs comes after some certain verbs indicating that one person wants/insists/desires another person to do something. Those certain verbs are called subjunctive verbs.
The Structure of Subjunctive Mood:
|Sub (1) + Subjunctive Verb (any tense) + that + Sub (2) + Base Form of Verb + Complement|
- John has advised that Alex go to movies.
- Robert insisted that I work on my paper.
- The principal demands that we study hard.
- He suggested that I buy this shirt.
- She proposed that we get married.
Here, the conjunction ‘that’ is as important with the subjunctive verbs. Without ‘that’, the structure changes a lot and does NOT follow the mood of subjunctives:
|Sub + Subjunctive Verbs (any tense) + that + Object + Infinitive (to + verb) + Complement|
- We recommend you to go to movies. (No ‘that’, no subjunctive)
- He advised me to study hard.
However, the subjunctive verbs with the conjunction ‘that’ always follow the subjunctive mood (first structure).
There are some adjectives also that create a subjunctive mood. These adjectives come after the ‘be verbs’ along with the conjunction ‘that’ and create a subjunctive mood for the next verb. These adjectives are called subjunctive adjectives.
|It + Be Verbs (any tense) + Subjunctive Adjective + that + Sub + Base Form of Verb + Comp|
- It was advised that Alex go to movies.
- It is imperative that I work on my paper.
- It was necessary that we study hard.
- It is urgent that I buy a shirt.
- It was required that we get married.
Perfectives: Structures & Usage
One VS You